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webpack provides a Command Line Interface (CLI) to configure and interact with your build. This is mostly useful in case of early prototyping, profiling, writing npm scripts or personal customization of the build.

For proper usage and easy distribution of this configuration, webpack can be configured with webpack.config.js. Any parameters sent to the CLI will map to a corresponding parameter in the config file.


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Common Usage

webpack <entry> [<entry>] <output>
Parameter Configuration Mapping Explanation
entry entry A filename or a set of named filenames which act as the entry point to build your project. If you pass a pair in the form of = you can create an additional entry point.
output output.path + output.filename A path and filename for the bundled file to be saved in.


If your project structure is as follows -

├── dist
├── index.html
└── src
    ├── index.js
    ├── index2.js
    └── others.js
webpack src/index.js dist/bundle.js
    This will bundle your source code with entry as `index.js` and the output bundle file will have a path of `dist` and the filename will be `bundle.js`

    | Asset     | Size    | Chunks      | Chunk Names |
    | bundle.js | 1.54 kB | 0 [emitted] | index       |
    [0] ./src/index.js 51 bytes {0} [built]
    [1] ./src/others.js 29 bytes {0} [built]
webpack index=./src/index.js entry2=./src/index2.js dist/bundle.js
    This will form the bundle with both the files as separate entry points.

    | Asset     | Size    | Chunks        | Chunk Names   |
    | bundle.js | 1.55 kB | 0,1 [emitted] | index, entry2 |
    [0] ./src/index.js 51 bytes {0} [built]
    [0] ./src/index2.js 54 bytes {1} [built]
    [1] ./src/others.js 29 bytes {0} {1} [built]

Common Options

List all of the options available on the cli

webpack --help , webpack -h

Build source using a config file

Specifies a different configuration file to pick up. Use this if you want to specify something different than webpack.config.js, which is the default.

webpack --config example.config.js

Send environment variable to be used in webpack config file

webpack --env=DEVELOPMENT

Print result of webpack as a JSON

In every other case, webpack prints out a set of stats showing bundle, chunk and timing details. Using this option the output can be a JSON object.This response is accepted by webpack's analyse tool. The analyse tool will take in the JSON and provide all the details of the build in graphical form.

(TODO: Link to webpack analyse article)
webpack --json , webpack -j, webpack -j > stats.json

Output Options

This set of options allows you to manipulate certain output parameters of your build.

Parameter Explanation Input type Default value
--output-path The output path for compilation assets string Current directory
--output-filename The output filename of the bundle string [name].js
--output-chunk-filename The output filename for additional chunks string filename with [id] instead of [name] or [id] prefixed
--output-source-map-filename The output filename for the SourceMap string [name].map or [outputFilename].map
--output-public-path The public path for the assets string /
--output-jsonp-function The name of the JSONP function used for chunk loading string webpackJsonp
--output-pathinfo Include a comment with the request for every dependency boolean false
--output-library Expose the exports of the entry point as library string
--output-library-target The type for exposing the exports of the entry,point as library string var

Example Usage

webpack index=./src/index.js index2=./src/index2.js --output-path='./dist' --output-filename='[name][hash].bundle.js'

| Asset                                | Size    | Chunks      | Chunk Names   |
| index2740fdca26e9348bedbec.bundle.js |  2.6 kB | 0 [emitted] | index2        |
| index740fdca26e9348bedbec.bundle.js  | 2.59 kB | 1 [emitted] | index         |
    [0] ./src/others.js 29 bytes {0} {1} [built]
    [1] ./src/index.js 51 bytes {1} [built]
    [2] ./src/index2.js 54 bytes {0} [built]
webpack.js index=./src/index.js index2=./src/index2.js --output-path='./dist' --output-filename='[name][hash].bundle.js' --devtool source-map --output-source-map-filename='[name]123.map'

| Asset                                | Size    | Chunks      | Chunk Names   |
| index2740fdca26e9348bedbec.bundle.js | 2.76 kB | 0 [emitted] | index2        |
|  index740fdca26e9348bedbec.bundle.js | 2.74 kB | 1 [emitted] | index         |
|                        index2123.map | 2.95 kB | 0 [emitted] | index2        |
|                         index123.map | 2.95 kB | 1 [emitted] | index         |
    [0] ./src/others.js 29 bytes {0} {1} [built]
    [1] ./src/index.js 51 bytes {1} [built]
    [2] ./src/index2.js 54 bytes {0} [built]

Debug Options

This set of options allows you to better debug the application containing assets compiled with webpack

Parameter Explanation Input type Default value
--debug Switch loaders to debug mode boolean false
--devtool Define source map type for the bundled resources string -
--progress Print compilation progress in percentage boolean false

Module Options

These options allow you to bind modules as allowed by webpack

Parameter Explanation Usage
--module-bind Bind an extension to a loader --module-bind /.js$/=babel
--module-bind-post Bind an extension to a post loader
--module-bind-pre Bind an extension to a pre loader

Watch Options

These options makes the build watch for changes in files of the dependency graph and perform the build again.

Parameter Explanation
--watch, -w Watch the filesystem for changes
--watch-stdin, --stdin Exit the process when stdin is closed
--watch-aggregate-timeout Timeout for gathering changes while watching
--watch-poll The polling interval for watching (also enable polling)

Optimize Options

These options allow to manipulate optimisations for a production build using webpack

Parameter Explanation Plugin used
--optimize-max-chunks Try to keep the chunk count below a limit LimitChunkCountPlugin
--optimize-min-chunk-size Try to keep the chunk size above a limit MinChunkSizePlugin
--optimize-minimize Minimize javascript and switches loaders to minimizing UglifyJsPlugin & LoaderOptionsPlugin
--optimize-dedupe Optimize duplicate module sources in the bundle DedupePlugin

Resolve Options

These allow to configure the webpack resolver with aliases and extensions.

Parameter Explanation Example
--resolve-alias Setup a module alias for resolving --resolve-alias jquery-plugin=jquery.plugin
--resolve-extensions Setup extensions that should be used to resolve,modules --resolve-extensions .es6 .js .ts
--resolve-loader-alias Minimize javascript and switches loaders to minimizing

Stats Options

These options allow webpack to display various stats and style them differently in the console output.

Parameter Explanation Type
--color, --colors Enables/Disables colors on the console [default: (supports-color)] boolean
--sort-modules-by Sorts the modules list by property in module string
--sort-chunks-by Sorts the chunks list by property in chunk string
--sort-assets-by Sorts the assets list by property in asset string
--hide-modules Hides info about modules boolean
--display-exclude Exclude modules in the output boolean
--display-modules Display even excluded modules in the output boolean
--display-chunks Display chunks in the output boolean
--display-entrypoints Display entry points in the output boolean
--display-origins Display origins of chunks in the output boolean
--display-cached Display also cached modules in the output boolean
--display-cached-assets Display also cached assets in the output boolean
--display-reasons Display reasons about module inclusion in the output boolean
--display-used-exports Display information about used exports in modules (Tree Shaking) boolean
--display-error-details Display details about errors boolean
--verbose, -v Show more details boolean

Advanced Options

Parameter Explanation Usage
--records-input-path Path to the records file (reading)
--records-output-path Path to the records file (writing)
--records-path Path to the records file
--define Define any free var in the bundle --define process.env.NODE_ENV='development'
--target The targeted execution enviroment --target='node'
--cache Enable in memory caching [Enabled by default for watch] --cache=false
--hot Enables Hot Module Replacement [Uses HotModuleReplacementPlugin] --hot=true
--prefetch Prefetch the particular file --prefetch=./files.js
--provide Provide these modules as free vars in all modules --provide jQuery=jquery
--labeled-modules Enables labeled modules [Uses LabeledModulesPlugin]
--plugin Load this plugin
--bail Abort the compilation on first error


Shortcut Replaces
-d --debug --devtool eval-cheap-module-source-map --output-pathinfo
-p --optimize-minimize --define,process.env.NODE_ENV="production" --optimize-occurence-order


This option profiles the compilation and includes this information in the stats output. It gives you an in depth idea of which step in the compilation is taking how long. This can help you optimise your build in a more informed manner.

webpack --profile

30ms building modules
1ms sealing
1ms optimizing
0ms basic module optimization
1ms module optimization
1ms advanced module optimization
0ms basic chunk optimization
0ms chunk optimization
1ms advanced chunk optimization
0ms module and chunk tree optimization
1ms module reviving
0ms module order optimization
1ms module id optimization
1ms chunk reviving
0ms chunk order optimization
1ms chunk id optimization
10ms hashing
0ms module assets processing
13ms chunk assets processing
1ms additional chunk assets processing
0ms recording
0ms additional asset processing
26ms chunk asset optimization
1ms asset optimization
6ms emitting